Governance From Below

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The contestation around use of natural resources is long-standing in human history; access to land, forests, water and minerals have led to rise and fall of civilisations. As large societies like India and China began rapid economic growth in recent decades, such contestations have intensified. Local inhabitants, especially tribals and indigenous communities, access these resources […]

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Electoral Democracy in Panchayats in India

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Two decades ago, Indian constitution provided for elected local self- governance institutions—municipalities in urban areas and panchayats in rural areas. These changes in Indian constitution were made to provide for guaranteed electoral formation of local government institutions, just as their counterparts at provincial and national levels. To conduct these elections, the constitution provided for formation […]

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